29 interesting facts about Azerbaijan

Interesting Facts


The country of Azerbaijan, spreading in the Transcaucasus, is the birthplace of delicious food, unprecedented hospitality and rich history. With the Soviet Union, local resorts enjoyed great popularity, which declined after the collapse of the USSR, but again gaining momentum these days. And many more are attracted here by the amazing nature, incredibly beautiful mountains and ancient culture, the spirit of which literally everything is saturated here.

Facts about Azerbaijan

  • More people live in Moscow than in the whole of Azerbaijan.
  • In 1918, the Republic of Azerbaijan became the first secular democracy in the entire Muslim world.
  • The design of Azerbaijani manats, local money, was developed by the same designer who worked on the design of the euro.
  • About 50% of the entire territory of Azerbaijan is covered by mountains (interesting facts about mountains).
  • Geographically, several regions of this country belong to Eastern Europe.
  • Azerbaijan’s unofficial name is “the land of fires”. By the way, this is also the motto of the state.
  • The climate here is very diverse. In low-lying areas, it is +40 degrees in summer, and it is not cold here in winter, but in the mountains in December-January, the air temperature of -30 does not surprise anyone. In total, 9 types of climate out of 11 are found in Azerbaijan.
  • About 240 species of Azerbaijani plants are found nowhere else in the world.
  • The Absheron Peninsula belonging to Azerbaijan is considered one of the most unfavorable places in the world in terms of ecology. Soil, water and air are polluted here.
  • There are about 800 mud volcanoes in the Azerbaijani territories.
  • Part of Iran is called Southern or Iranian Azerbaijan (interesting facts about Iran).
  • Primitive people lived on the territory of modern Azerbaijan 1.5 million years ago.
  • Because of the conflict in Nagorno-Karabakh, Azerbaijan broke off diplomatic relations with Armenia (interesting facts about Armenia).
  • About 20% of all Azerbaijanis live in the capital, Baku. In general, more than half of the country’s population lives in cities.

  • More than 99% of Azerbaijanis profess Islam.
  • There are 6 Orthodox churches in Azerbaijan, and 3 of them are located in the capital.
  • Bread is as widespread and popular here as rice is in Asia.
  • The traditions of cooking pilaf differ depending on the region. In total, about 50 classic types of this national dish are prepared in Azerbaijan.
  • In 1967, the world’s first museum dedicated to carpets opened here.
  • Football has been the most popular sport in Azerbaijan for many decades. Chess, however, is not far behind in popularity, and many of the strongest chess players in the world are Azerbaijanis.
  • One of the world’s oldest salt deposits is located in the valley of the Azerbaijani Araz River, which is still operating. Salt mining began here about 5 thousand years ago.
  • Almost 150 scientific institutions function in the territory of Azerbaijan.
  • The unique Azerbaijani lake Masazir is notable for the fact that the water in it is pink.
  • The average annual temperature of the Azerbaijani capital is equal to the average annual temperature of the Earth.
  • The archaeological reserve of Gobustan, famous for its ancient rock paintings and located in Azerbaijan, is recognized as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
  • The world’s first oil well was once drilled on the territory of this particular country.
  • In 1926, the first electric train in the Soviet Union was launched in Azerbaijan.
  • They make a huge amount of wine here. Azerbaijani winemaking is developing rapidly, and local wines are actively exported to other countries.
  • Mount Yanardag, which is in Azerbaijan, is called the Burning Mountain. One of its ridges is really on fire due to the fact that natural gas comes to the surface here.
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